By Lewis SM; Clelland JA; Knowles CJ; Jackson JR; Dimick AR.
[Effects of auricular acupuncture-like transcutaneous electric nerve
stimulation on pain levels following wound care in patients with burns: a
Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation, 1990 Jul-Aug, 11(4):322-9.
Pub type: Journal Article; Review; Review, Tutorial.
AT: UCLA Biomed W1 J05489
(PE title: The Journal of burn care & rehabilitation.)
Abstract: This study was designed to test the hypothesis that auricular
acupuncture-like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation would
significantly reduce the pain experienced by patients with burns
immediately after wound debridement, other wound care, and dressing
Subjects were 11 inpatients at the University of Alabama Hospital
Burn Unit. A two-period crossover design was used, and each patient
received one experimental treatment consisting of bilateral
acupuncture-like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation to six ear
points and one control treatment consisting of a placebo pill. The Visual
Analogue Scale was used as a measure of pain and was completed immediately
before and after treatments and at 15, 30, and 60 minutes after treatment.
A two-factor repeated measures ANOVA indicated significant effects of
measurement time (p less than 0.001) and treatment by time (p = 0.002).
Post hoc analysis revealed significant differences (p less than 0.05)
between experimental and control conditions at all times after treatment
but not at pretreatment baseline. These results indicate that auricular
acupuncture-like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation may be an
effective pain management technique in patients with burns.