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Home > Newsletters > September 2006 > Recent Research

Points - Recent Research

Study on Angle and Depth of Needle Insertion at Zusanli (ST 36)

Effects of Scraping Therapy and Warming Acupuncture-Moxibustion on 50 Cases of Fasciitis of Back Muscles

An Infrared Radiation Study of the Biophysical Characteristics of Traditional Moxibustion

Study on Angle and Depth of Needle Insertion at Zusanli (ST 36)

Lou XF, et al. Department of Anatomy, Wenzhou Medical College, Zhejiang 325035, China.

OBJECTIVE: To provide an appropriate angle and depth of needle insertion in acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) and avoid injuring the nerve and blood vessel and exert the most effect. METHODS: Eighty adult lower-limb samples were used to dissect and observe the relative layered structures and adjoining important nerves and blood vessels in needling Zusanli (ST 36) according to the national standard. RESULTS: The needling depth from the skin to the interosseous membrane and from the skin to posterior border of tibialis posterior is ( 2.22 +/- 0.31) cm and (4.42 +/- 0.53) cm, respectively. There are flabellate branches of anterior tibial arteries and deep peroneal nerves around the needle in the superficial layer of interosseous membrane. The vessel and nerve bundles containing tibial nerve and posterior tibial vessels can be touched when the needle body past through tibialis posterior. CONCLUSION: It is recommended that ideal average depth of acupuncture is 2.22 cm and the maximum depth is 4.42 cm for oblique needling Zusanli (ST 36). When it is injected, the needle should be perpendicularly inserted or deviated slightly to the direction of tibia and paralleled to medial surface of tibia. And the safe needling depth is generally less than 5 cm. The point of the body surface between tibialis anterior and extensor digitorum longus at 3 cun below Dubi (ST 35) is also an effectively stimulating point.

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2006 Jul;26(7):483-6

Source PubMed


Effects of Scraping Therapy and Warming Acupuncture-Moxibustion on 50 Cases of Fasciitis of Back Muscles

Wang LQ. Linyi Hospital of TCM, Shandong, China.

OBJECTIVE: To search for the best method for treatment of fasciitis of back muscles. METHODS: One hundred cases of fasciitis of back muscles were randomly divided into two groups. The treatment group of 50 cases were treated with scraping and warming acupuncture and moxibustion at Fengmen (BL 12), Feishu (BL 13), Quyuan (SI 13), Bingfeng (SI 12), Jiafeng, local pressure pain points, and cord-like node; and the control group of 50 cases with simple acupuncture. RESULTS: In the treatment group, 40 cases were cured and 10 cases improved with a total effective rate of 100.0%; in the control group, 26 cases were cured and 16 cases improved, 8 cases were ineffective with a total effective rate of 84.0%. The treatment group in improvement of pressure pain and pain was better than the control group, with scores significantly decreased (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Scraping therapy and warming acup-moxibustion have obvious effect on fasciitis of back muscles, and it is a better therapy for this disease.

Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2006 Jul;26(7):478-80

Source: PubMed


An Infrared Radiation Study of the Biophysical Characteristics of Traditional Moxibustion

Shen X, et al. Acupuncture & Tuina College, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China; Shanghai Research Center of Acupuncture & Meridian, Shanghai 201203, China.

OBJECTIVES: Moxibustion has been a part of acupuncture practice for thousands of years. Traditionally, it includes direct moxibustion, in which moxa sticks are burned at acupuncture points on the skin, and indirect moxibustion, in which monkshood cakes or ginger or garlic slices are used to insulate the skin from burning moxa cones. Recently randomised clinical trials and clinical observations suggest that moxibustion can enhance physiological and immune functions, but there has been little investigation of the scientific basis of these traditional techniques. The present study compared the infrared radiation caused by these techniques to that of non-specific controls and to that of the human body surface at an acupuncture point. METHODS: A highly sensitive, infrared-spectrum detection device was used to compare the spectra of traditional moxibustion materials (n=4/group) with those of control materials (n=4/group) and to the spectrum at the surface of an acupuncture point LI 4 (Hegu) in healthy volunteers (n=7). RESULTS: The experiment showed that the thermal action of the traditional moxa stick was more potent than that of indirect moxibustion and its radiation peak was different from that at the acupuncture point on the human body. In contrast, the thermal action of traditional indirect moxibustion was modest and its radiation peak matched that at the acupuncture point. CONCLUSION: Direct moxibustion with a traditional moxa stick may produce its potent therapeutic effects by thermal action, while traditional indirect moxibustion may act by producing modest thermal action and a sympathetic vibration at the skin surface. Non-traditional thermal materials and media may not be suitable substitutes for traditional materials. The data provide a scientific, biophysical rationale for traditional moxibustion.

Complement Ther Med. 2006 Sep;14(3):213-9. Epub 2005 Dec 15.

Source: PubMed


This Month's Articles

September 2006
Volume 4, Number 9

Chinese Medicine for Pediatric Care

Traditional Chinese Medicine For Diabetes Has Scientific Backing

National Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine Day Aims to Educate Consumers about Benefits of Using Certified Practitioners

Recent Research

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