Acupuncture Affects Leukocyte Circulation in Healthy Young Males
Kou W, et al. Department of Medical Psychology, University
of Duisburg-Essen, Germany.
A recent study was conducted in order to analyse whether
acupuncture treatment affects leukocyte circulation as well as plasma levels of
cortisol and norepinephrine in humans. Ten healthy young men participated in a
randomized single-blind two-period crossover study. Each period contained three
sessions of either acupuncture or sham acupuncture treatment. After
randomization, group 1 (n=5) received acupuncture at acu-points ST36, LI11,
SP10, and GV14, while sham acupuncture was performed for group 2 (n=5). After
two weeks, each group received the alternative treatment. Blood samples were
taken before needling, 10 minutes after, and 30 minutes after removing the
needles in the first and the third session. Furthermore, blood pressure and
heart rate were determined. Although acupuncture treatment did not affect
leukocyte circulation in peripheral blood after the first session, it was
observed that there was a significant decrease in leukocyte and lymphocyte
values after the third session. However, cortisol and norepinephrine plasma
levels remained unchanged by acupuncture. In conclusion, these data indicate
that repeated acupuncture can affect leukocyte circulation in healthy humans by
still unknown mechanisms.
Acupuncture for Pain Relief after Ambulatory Knee Arthroscopy
Usichenko TI, Hermsen M, Witstruck T, Hofer A, Pavlovic D,
Lehmann C, Feyerherd F.
Auricular acupuncture (AA) is effective in treating a variety
of painful conditions, but there have been no analyses of AA for the treatment
of pain after ambulatory knee surgery. Twenty patients randomly received a true
AA treatment (Shenmen, Lung, and Knee points) or sham treatment (three
non-acupuncture points on the auricular helix) before ambulatory knee
arthroscopy. Permanent press AA needles were retained on the ear for one day
after surgery. Post-operative pain was treated with ibuprofen, and weak oral
opioid tramadol was used for rescue analgesic medication. The quantity of these
analgesics and reported pain intensity were used to assess the effect of AA.
Ibuprofen consumption after surgery in the AA group was lower than in the
control group: median 500 versus 800 mg, P = 0.043. Pain intensity on a 100 mm
visual analogue scale for pain measurement and other parameters were similar in
both groups. Thus, AA seems to be useful in reducing the post-operative
analgesic requirement after ambulatory knee arthroscopy.
A Case of
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Successfully Treated by Acupuncture
Suzuki M, et al. Department of Oriental Medicine, Gifu
University of Medicine.
The Gifu University Hospital reported a COPD patient whose
respiratory symptoms were improved by acupuncture. A 66-year-old man visited the
hospital with symptoms of breathlessness with exercise. In spite of medication,
his general condition worsened. Subsequently, a series of acupuncture treatments
was started on October 27, 2001. He had level III breathlessness on JRS
classification prior to acupuncture treatment. The basic acupuncture points used
were KI 3 (Fuliu), LU 9 (Taiyuan), LU 1 (Zhongfu), CV 12 (Zhongwan), CV 4 (Guanyuan),
BL 13 (Feishu), and BL 23 (Shenshu). The needles were retained for ten minutes
for each session. This research design was used to detect the specific efficacy
of acupuncture treatment after ten acupuncture treatments over two months, his
walking distance, Borg scale and respiratory function were improved compared
with before treatment. These findings suggest that acupuncture treatment may be
efficacious for advanced cases of COPD.