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Home > Newsletters > December 2009 > Du Ren Channel and Qi Gong Tai Chi

Du Ren Channel and Qi Gong Tai Chi

By Feng Mei

It is well known that the Du channel starts from Du 1 and ends at Du 27, covering 27 points in total. The Ren channel starts from Ren 1 and ends at Ren 24, covering 24 points in total. The Du channel controls the Yang meridians of the whole body, which is the sea of the Yang meridian. The Ren channel controls the Yin meridian of the whole body, which is the sea of the Yin meridian. Since the DU channel is longer than the Ren channel does that mean the human body has Yang hyperactivity and Yin deficiency in the first place? In fact, it is natural that Yang has a character of long and thick, and Yin has a character of short and thin, which manifest energetic imbalance on the channel long. “An excess of Yang and a deficiency of Yin,” is a famous point of view brought up by the famous Chinese doctor Danxi Zhu of Yuan Dynasty in “Ge Zhi Yu Lun,” which answers the question above.

"Ge Zhi Yu Lun" - An Excess of Yang and a Deficiency of Yin

Humans are created by Heaven Qi and Earth Qi. The Yang Qi of Heaven is Qi, and the Yin Qi of the Earth is blood. Therefore, there’s always an excess of Qi and a deficiency of blood. Heaven and the Earth are the parents of all creatures. Heaven is large and belongs to Yang, which operates away from Earth; Earth is in the center of the heaven and belongs to Yin, which is lifted up by Heaven’s Qi. The Sun is solid, belongs to Yang, and it operates away from the Moon; the Moon wanes and belongs to Yin, which is lighted up by the Sun………

Balance of Yin and Yang – a Human Idealism

It is said that the balance of Yin and Yang is fundamental for life’s Vitality. People will be healthy and refreshed with balanced Yin and Yang; otherwise, people will get sick, age early and even die without balanced Yin and Yang. The tenet of our view of health care is that it is the balance Yin and Yang that maintains the life. The balance here means the functional balance instead of the balance of the scales. But to see from a certain point, whatever from scale or function, the absolute balance of Yin and Yang doesn’t exist.

What is Yin and Yang?

The classical ancient philosophical masterpiece – “Yi Change (Yi Ching)” told us that the flow of Yin and Yang is the principle of all creatures’ movements. The Tai Chi diagram is a miniature representative of the philosophy of the flow of Yin and Yang. Yin and Yang emerge from the movement of the sun and the moon in the universe. For example, the Sun is Yang, the Moon is Yin; the Heaven is Yang, the Earth is Yin; the day is Yang, the night is Yin. Yang: anything that goes towards the sunlight goes outward, bright, upward, warm, and move constantly belongs to Yang. Yin: anything that turns away from the sunlight, goes inward, dark, downward, cold, and is relatively still belongs to Yin. The relationship between Yin and Yang is wane, wax, transformation, mutual rooting, restraint, as well as opposite-united. Extreme Yang will turn into Yin, and extreme Yin will turn into Yang. When Yang goes extreme, Yin will grow; when Yin goes extreme, Yang will grow. Yang is hot, Yin is cold; Yang is moving, Yin is still. The head is Yang, the foot is Yin; the surface of the body is Yang, the viscera are Yin. Fu is Yang, Zang is Yin; Qi is Yang and blood is Yin…

The Balance of Yin and Yang

The balance of Yin and Yang means the wane and wax between Yin and Yang, as well as the transformation between Yin and Yang will be kept in harmony, neither will be excessive nor deficient. In the human body, life with balanced Yin and Yang means balance between Fu and Zang, hot and cold, as well as Qi and Blood. The chief principle is balanced Yin and Yang; and its essence is the balance between Yang Qi and Yin Essence (essence, blood, saliva and fluid), which is the harmony between various functions of the human body and materials. The four characteristics of the balance of Yin and Yang is sufficiency of Qi and Blood, full of energy, healthy five-Zang, glowing appearance. Three indications of Yin and Yang in balance are strong Vitality, good physiological function, and good mentality.

Yin Ping Yang Mi (Yin Yang Harmony)

Chinese Medicine states that to have smooth Yin Qi and solid Yang qi, and to maintain a relative balance of Yin and Yang is the basic condition for people to maintain normal activities. Sheng Qi Tong Tian Lun of Su (Yin and Yang in harmony) makes the Vitality well-conserved, which means that with a smooth Yin Qi and solid Yang Qi, and maintain a relative balanced Yin and Yang, people will have a healthy body and a high spirit. With an unclosed fontanel and incomplete channels, the infant is in the stage of Yin Ping Yang Mi (Yin and Yang in harmony). Therefore, I don’t think Yin Ping Yang Mi (Yin and Yang in harmony) is the same as balanced Yin and Yang.

In the exercise methods of Qigong, there are a lot of routes and key points of concern with the flow of “Qi.” They are the channels and points. Channels are crisscross in the human body and connect the whole body into one organic unit. Ren channel and Du channel are frequently used channels in Qigong and an important method for exercising the Minor Cycle of the Universe. The Ren and Du channel happen to form a Yin-Yang Taiji diagram from which we can see that people may reach to a status of a nearly balanced Yin and Yang by exercising Qigong. Specifically, when you practice Minor Cycle of the Universe, you should turn the Du Yang energy to the front of body down followed with a swallow of water to nourish Yin, and lift the Ren Yin energy up to the back of the body, to get Yin and Yang in harmony.

Tai Chi SigniTai Chi Significance

Because of usual “excess of Yang or deficiency of Yin,” diseases should be treated by nourishing Yin and reducing pathogenic fire. Because of high pressure, lack of regularity, and a fast-paced life- style, modern people easily hurt their Yin. Deficiency of Yin will cause hyperactivity of Yang. Too much Yang, resulting in fire, will reduce immunity, disease resistance, and lead to various diseases, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, nephritis, cancer, etc. The key point of treating “deficiency of Yin and hyperactivity of Yang” in Chinese Tai Chi is to “nourish Yin.” It is the best fundamental solution to use the method of “nourishing Yin” to increase the Yin fluid in the body. Slow and smooth Tai Chi movements can almost replicate the movements of swimming in water. Also, always meditate the mind during Tai Chi. It helps Yin energy grow in the body and to get Yin and Yang in harmony for a healthy body.


Feng Mei, graduated from Beijing Sports University in 1990 with a degree in physical education and majored in martial arts. International Martial Arts 7th duan black belt; Chief of International Martial Arts Federation, and an international judge; won the outstanding gold medal prize at the 7th world martial arts championship competition’s spear demonstration in Hungary, and the 4th traditional medicine achievement gold medal prize in 1999; participated in the preparation for the 8th world cup martial arts championship in Japan in 2001 and won the world outstanding life time achievement prize; appointed the co-chairman of International Martial Arts Federation in 2006; won the 11th world cup championship yang style Tai Chi demonstration gold medal and world outstanding Chinese prize in Taiwan in 2007; won two gold medals and a cup in Tai Chi sword and fan categories in the 12th world cup championship held in South Korea in 2009; certified 9th degree martial arts master with black belt in September of 2009. Currently pursuing the Master’s degree in Oriental Medicine at Samra University.

This Month's Articles

December 2009
Volume 7, Number 12

Water Element Balances Fire, Inside and Out

Treating Breast Disorders Using Chinese Medicine  

Du Ren Channel and Qi Gong Tai Chi

Recent Research

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