Any colors inappropriate to the normal color of the area would suggest
a pathology. I believe that the iris is associated with the Liver organ
because it is generally associated with the color green. Obviously, the
fact that our African model's iris is brown does not suggest any pathology.
It is interesting to note that even with the wide varieties of colors
represented by different races, there is still a superficial color that
can arise atop the "host" color which, would then be useful for
Although photographs are often imperfect in their representation, this
one may suggest that there is a slight condition of heat in this model's
lungs due to the red color appearing in the whites of her eyes.
In fact, this model is a teen aged girl from rural Africa. It may follow
then, that she is suffering from a wind-heat condition associated with
Had there been bags beneath her eyes, we might look to the Spleen for
a pattern of disharmony. If the bags were dark blue, the origin of the
Spleen problem might be found in the Kidneys, for the color associated
with the Kidneys in five-element theory is blue and black. If the bags
were blue-green we would likely find that the Spleen disharmony has its
root in both the Kidneys and Liver whose color is green.
There are some ethnic considerations that need to be made. Actually,
I've noticed only one. There are some patients of Italian origin, those
with a dark olive complexion, who tend to have dark rings below their eyes
even though there is no disharmony associated with the Spleen or Kidney.